- Mr. Warda reveals the existence of number of obstacles preventing the successful completion of compensations, stressing that the requirements of transitional justice requires moving forward without delay in providing compensation to those affected
- Mr. Warda propos the establishment of a special fund for minorities for reconstruction and compensation to be financed by the Fund for the Reconstruction of the Liberated Areas and the Public Budget and from voluntary contributions by the international community and international organizations
Mr. William Warda, Public Relations Officer at Hammurabi Human Rights Organization described the current treatment of the compensation principle, especially of the Iraqi minorities do not fit the scale of the disaster suffered by these Iraqi components.
In his speech at a meeting held in Erbil on 4/9/2018 under the auspices of Heartland Organization, Mr. Warda added that successful human rights compensation cannot be achieved without an operating room and full transparency, stressing that there is no free amnesty in facing the crimes of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity which was held in Iraq , pointing out that the compensation is a basic starting point in any field treatments that put an end to the violations of human rights, as far as the matter concerned in the Iraqi field and the compensation of the Iraqi components that have been subjected to serious violations, especially in the years of violence that hit many citizens on two pages , the first in sectarian and regional violence, and the second on the destructive terrorist page by ISIS.
In his intervention, Mr. Warda said that there can be no real response to forgiveness, amnesty and complacency if these criteria are not linked to the principle of compensation, equity cannot find its way into any society subject to human rights violations if this application is not based on compensation, thus in all international resolutions and protocols, which provided for the establishment of the parameters of reintegration and the achievement of transitional justice, unless there are practical approaches to the field on the degree of accuracy and smoothness in the completion of mechanisms of compensation.
The public relations official in Hammurabi Organization call to adopt two principles of compensation but with precise mechanisms. The first is one-time compensation, and the second is continuous. There are simple examples from the field those who takes care of Iraqi children who lost their parents and turned to their relatives and lost their chances of studying. Do not that require permanent compensation for them in school care and employment after completing adulthood?
Mr. Warda revealed the following:
First: there is a need to be introduced in providing the compensation is to be compensatory compensation to meet the needs of those affected by the reform of their economic affairs and their destroyed role and property that they lost and the long-lost their rights
Second: there are many citizens who have lost their known identity documents (ration card, nationality card, residence card, nationality certificate). If these documents are not available, obtaining compensation is a difficult task and is still impossible, Hammurabi Human Rights Organization has provided samples of this.
Third: Thousands of families of the missing and absentees suffer from not receiving compensation or pensions because of the lack of clear mechanisms for compensation, especially since the conditions of the economic affected do not allow for follow-up and keep pace with the complexity of the government for long reviews.
Fourth: There are hundreds, but thousands of families who have been forced by the pressures of terrorism and violence to flee outside Iraq when they have been forced to flee with their clothes. The Iraqi government and embassies of Iraq in hosting countries should have been active in registering these families and collecting evidence that they deserve compensation.
Fifth: The invocation of the absence of financial allocations is unacceptable in the provision of compensation, while it is required to include operational and investment budgets financial space cannot be derogated from to achieve compensatory compensation, and is necessary to take advantage of the difference in the increase in revenues as a result of the increase in oil prices and part allocation to address the issue of compensation
Sixth: There should be a government operating room that sets up mechanisms for compensation without delay and with successful follow-up with the return of refugees and displaced persons to their liberated homes, and move away from the mechanisms of routine and official bureaucracies and adopt ways to save time and effort to overcome the process before the affected.
Seventh: we must realize that compensation is a basic duty that can not be denied under any pretext, it is neither a virtue but a fundamental part of transitional justice that coincides and communicate with judicial procedures in charging all those who committed acts of terrorism under Article (4 Terrorism).
Eighth: Not only the financial compensation granted is the only successful way, but other means of compensation must be provided, such as ministries concerned with the provision of housing and municipal services to enter the line of support for displaced persons and in the appropriate housing compensation, especially for families whose house was completely destroyed.
In his intervention, Mr. Warda proposed the creation of a special fund for minorities whose capital will be partly financed by the Reconstruction Fund for liberated areas. It will also be allocated a financial amount from the budget of Nineveh province and the international community.
The discussion session included a welcome speech by Mr. Salah Al-Barzanji, the Regional Director of Heartland Organization presenting a brief description of the reactivation of the compensation committees in Nineveh and a general overview of the work of the Compensation Commission presented by a representative of the compensation subcommittee in Nineveh province. Mr. Dara Hassan, deputy head of Iraq Reconstruction Fund provided an overview of the reconstruction of Iraq and Mr. Salem Yahia, Director of the Reconstruction Fund Branch of Nineveh provide an overview of the reconstruction process in Nineveh.
The meeting was attended by important figures from the Reconstruction Fund for Iraq, the Housing Fund, officials from the relevant ministries, representatives of the General Secretariat of the Council of Ministers, the Office of Prime Minister's, the National Commission and civil society activists. The committee also decided to follow up the topics discussed by the meeting in order to develop and improve the mechanisms and speedy implementation of the Compensation.